Agriculture # Agriculture Bytes

Debating the GM Crops Efficacy

There has been a debate around GM crops for over a decade. While some want their use, there are differential views asking for clarity on issues of safety.

Agriculture Bytes

GM or biosafety: The story of GM Mustard

New Delhi, February 10 (G’nY News Service): As of now, the introduction of GM Mustard has been put on hold. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) which was supposed to take a decision on whether or not to commercialize genetically modified (GM) mustard by February 5, 2016, has failed to decide, in the face of opposition from many quarters, including former health minister DrAmbumaniRamadoss. Earlier, a moratorium was put on GM Brinjal in 2010. Developed by Delhi University's Centre...

Agriculture Bytes

Invasive Species and Wetlands: Focus Ornamental Fish

New Delhi, February 10 (G’nY News Service): The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD 2016) has clearly stated that wetlands are essential for humans to live and prosper. Globally,wetlands are acknowledged as one of the most important bio diverse areas. Besides, more than a billion people depend on wetlands for their sustenance. Wetlands help sustain a wide variety of life on our planet, protect our coastlines, provide natural sponges against river flooding, and store carbon dioxide to regulate...

Agriculture Bytes | VOL. 15, ISSUE 94, January-February 2016

Adoption of low carbon agriculture techniques

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is studying the impact of global warming on agriculture since 2004. Research studies indicate more erratic and intense monsoon rains/unseasonal rains and hailstorm, increasing risk of droughts and floods and rise in temperature including increased frequency of warm days. This leads to projected average reduction of yield by 6 per cent in wheat, 4-6 per cent in rice, 18 per cent in maize, 2.5 per cent in sorghum, 2 per cent in mustard and 2.5 per cent...

Agriculture Bytes | VOL. 15, ISSUE 94 January-February 2016

Increasing Crop Productivity in India

The per hectare productivity of most of the agricultural crops cultivated in India is less as compared to China and many countries in Europe and America. Major reasons for low productivity of agricultural crops in India are varied agro climatic conditions, pre dominantly rain-fed agriculture, inefficient use of irrigation resources, weather extremities, fragmented land holdings, complex diseases and pests scenario, low use of good quality seeds and low adoption of improved package of practices, etc....

Agriculture Bytes | VOL. 15, ISSUE 94 January-February 2016

Detecting milk adulteration

A new technology to analyse and detect adulteration in milk has been developed by CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-CEERI), Pilani. This technology is based on acquiring electrochemical fingerprint coupled with multivariate data analysis techniques. There are no systems currently available even globally, based on similar methods. This innovation represents the first fully Indian ‘concept to implementation’ effort in instrumentation related to milk and dairy, addressing...

Agriculture Bytes

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana: Missing the Mark Yet Again

New Delhi, January 13 (G’nY News Service): Lohri, a harvest festival that marks the end of winter, has brought with it a new much debated insurance scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. With unprecedented rains, followed by droughts and fluctuating temperatures, crops have fared poorly the last two years, leading to farmer suicides and hardship for the farming community. In a new development, the Centre today cleared a crop insurance scheme at a cabinet meeting, headed by the Indian...

Agriculture Bytes

Pesticides Report accuses manufacturers of ignoring farmers’ safety

New Delhi, October 19 (G’nY News Service): An Ad hoc Monitoring Report prepared by the Pesticides Action Network-Asia Pacific (PAN Asia Pacific) along with Kheti Virasat Mission, and others, for submission to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and World Health Organisation (WHO) has accused Bayer and Syngenta of non-adherence to labelling and safety norms with regard to their pesticides. Information on the claims of (non-)adherence of the two companies in question was gathered inthe...

Agriculture Bytes | VOL.12, ISSUE 73 JULY-AUGUST 2012

Facts of Soil

An average soil sample is 45 per cent minerals, 25 per cent water, 25 per cent air, and 5 per cent organic matter. Different-sized mineral particles, such as sand, silt, and clay, give soil its texture. Soil is approximately 46 per cent oxygen, 28 per cent silicone, 8 per cent aluminum, 5 per cent iron, and 4 per cent calcium. (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 77th Edition). The most important plant nutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), and potassium (K). In one gram of soil,...

Agriculture Bytes | VOL.12, ISSUE 73 JULY-AUGUST 2012

Land Degradation

Land is said to be degraded when the soil suffers from decline or loss in its productive capacity. It is estimated that one-sixth of the world’s soils has already been degraded by water and wind erosion. This has two important consequences: a) the reduced ability of society to produce sufficient food due to loss of quality and depth of soils and b) pollution associated with erosion. Siltation of dams, pollution of water courses by agricultural chemicals and damage to property by soil laden runoff...