A cost benefit analysis of organic cotton farming vs Bt cotton farming in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra reveals that the former is cost effective, more profitable and high-yielding. But, not many farmers prefer organic farming due to lack of governmental support.
Using the vast resource of rooftops and kitchen gardens in urban and rural areas to promote swajaivik farming through intensive trainings.
Biofertiliser is a preparation of agriculturally useful microorganisms like nitrogen fixers, phosphorus solubilisers etc; and is one of the components of integrated nutrient management. The commercial production of biofertiliser was introduced in 1956 in India. With a production of 38000 t and with more than 150 commercial units engaged in it, biofertiliser usage is definitely looking up.
India’s massive demand for natural gas is a result of its easy substitution of liquid fuels such as naphtha, fuel oil, diesel etc. India at present is producing less than 100 million standard cubic meter per day (MMSCMD) and another 50 MMSCMD is imported as liquefied natural gas (LNG) (Fertiliser Statistics, 2011-12, Fertiliser Association of India). As natural gas has competing demands from different sectors of the economy for adequate energy—being a clean fuel, requiring less investment and yielding...
During the last two decades, there has been a paradigm shift in global communities towards environmental preservation and quality food. Growing concerns due to depleting resources, and deterioration of soil health and fertility has forced scientists and planners to look for alternatives. Organic agriculture emerges as one such alternative.
Organic agriculture is cultivation of plants without the use of any artificial or synthetic chemical input (fertiliser, pesticides, antibiotics, food additives, etc.), genetically modified organism (GM food), irradiation and bio-solids. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and biological cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of synthetic inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition and innovation for the benefit of people and the environment. It works...
Shifting cultivation or jhum, predominantly practiced in the north-east of India is an agricultural system where a farming community slashes secondary forests on a predetermined location, burns the slash and cultivates the land for a limited number of years. The land is then left fallow and the farming community moves to the next location to repeat the process till they return back to the starting point. It has often been alleged that jhum has led to the loss of valuable natural resources of the region. This essay documents the cultivation practices of the Khasi tribe through a study of several villages of West Khasi Hills and Ri-bhoi Districts of Meghalaya with an objective of drawing lessons for developmental planning concerning natural resource management and land use in the region.