Ecology | VOL. 16, ISSUE 96, May-June 2016

Soil Degradation and Soil Quality

Soil is the most basic natural resource that supports all terrestrial life on earth. It is finite in extent and non-renewable over human timescale. However, it is prone to degradation owing to land misuse, mismanagement and other natural and anthropogenic forces. Soil degradation can be of different types: Physical: Erosion, decline in structure, water logging, crusting, compaction; Chemical: Salinisation, acidification, nutrient imbalance comprising of toxicity or deficiency; Biological: Depletion of soil organic carbon, reduction in soil biodiversity, decline in microbial...

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