Environment | VOL. 12, ISSUE 73, July-August 2012

Land Degradation, Environment and Food Security

Land degradation indicates temporary or permanent long-term decline in ecosystem function and productive capacity. It may refer to the destruction or deterioration in health of terrestrial ecosystems, affecting the associated biodiversity, natural ecological processes and ecosystem resilience. It also considers the reduction or loss of biological/economic productivity and complexity of croplands, pasture, woodland, forest, etc. Land degradation has both, on-site and off-site effects. On-site effects are in terms of reduced/increased outputs (crop yields, livestock yields). Off-site effects on the other...

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