Science Bytes

Geographical Thought: Greeks and Romans

What do you think is the relation between Kalidasa's Meghdoot and Homer's Odyssey? Who was the first to divide the circle into 360 degrees? What on earth is a gnomon! And, who propounded that when two parallel lines are crossed diagonally by a straight line, the opposite angles are equal? If you are fumbling for answers to the questions above, read on. It is important that we have a firm grasp on the origins of any science in order to fully comprehend its contemporary state. So, let us acquaint...

Science Bytes

The election marker – the making of the indelible ink

Being inked as a bona fide voter and taking part in the election system of the nation, evokes a sense of pride. We have often flashed the spotted and darkened splash across our finger before a camera, to mark our active participation in the democratic process. But, what is this ink really made of and how is it so very ‘permanent’. Envisaged to avoid multiple voting and malpractices, this ineradicable mark on the nail and the finger, cannot be removed with water, alcohol, nail polish remover...

Science Bytes # Technology

NASA’s JUNO To Unveil Jupiter To Earthlings

Photo courtesy: NASA After successful expeditions to Mars and the Moon, NASA is now all set to conquer Jupiter with Juno. When Juno finally beeped from above Jupiter on July 4, 2016 after a 5-year long journey over 2.8 billion kilometres, it was a triumph of sorts for NASA’s scientists. The spacecraft's name, Juno is derived from the Roman Goddess, wife of Jupiter. In mythology, when Jupiter drew a veil of clouds around himself to hide his mischief, his wife, Goddess Juno, managed to peer...

Science Bytes

Geospatial Information Regulation Bill, 2016 not feasible: further review imperative

New Delhi, May 9 (G’nY News Service): The draft Geospatial Information Regulation Bill, 2016 that has been put in the public domain by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India for suggestions overlooks all sorts of open or private data sharing. The Bill aims to ‘regulate the acquisition, dissemination, publication and distribution of geospatial information of India. It is likely to affect the security, sovereignty and integrity of India and for matters connected therewith or incidental...

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‘Godzilla’ El Niño to be followed by La Niña this year

New Delhi, March 08 (G’nY News Service): The term El Niño refers to the large-scale ocean-atmosphere climate interaction linked to a periodic warming in sea surface temperatures across the central and east-central Equatorial Pacific. The recent El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most powerful on record. Following its high impact over the past few months, National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) scientist Bill Patzert had nicknamed it ‘Godzilla’. El Nino is suspected...

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Are RO purifiers necessary?

New Delhi, February 15 (G’nY News Service): It is common perception today that the water provided by urban local bodies is not up to the mark. With this in mind, most of us demand the best of purifiers that money can buy. But how good are these technologies? Do they help purify the water we drink, and keep us safe enough? According to the Bureau of Indian standards, Water with TDS levels 500 and below without conventional treatment but after disinfection is safe for drinking. (http://www.nih.ernet.in/rbis/india_information/water%20quality%20standards.htm) In...

Science Bytes | VOL. 15 ISSUE 94, January-February 2016

Aquifer mapping and management

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation is implementing a scheme during the XII Plan Period for ground water management and regulation in which aquifer mapping is a component. The aim of the new scheme is to delineate aquifer disposition on a scale of 1:50000 in 3D and their characterisation along with area specific ground water management plans. An area of 8.89 lakh sq km has been targeted to be covered during the XII Plan...

Science Bytes | VOL.12, ISSUE 73, July-August 2012

Soil Erosion

Excessive soil erosion with consequent high rate of sedimentation in the reservoirs and decreased fertility has become serious environmental problems with disastrous economic consequences. Of the 16 rivers of the world, which experience severe erosion and carry heavy sediment load, three rivers - Ganga, Brahmaputra and Kosi occupy the 2nd, 3rd and 12th position respectively. Soil erosion results in huge loss of nutrients in suspension or solution.  Subsidence of the land in some areas and landslides...

Science Bytes | VOL. 10, ISSUE 63, November-December 2010

1st Indian Scientific Expedition to South Pole 2010-2011

National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) - an autonomous research and development institution under Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) - is the nodal agency coordinating and implementing the Indian Polar (Arctic, Antarctic and Southern Ocean) Programme. This year NCAOR has proudly completed the first ever Indian expedition to south pole, led by its Director, Rasik Ravindra and comprising Ajai Dhar, Ashit Swain, Javed Beg, Pradip Malhotra, Thamban Meloth, Krishnamoorthy and Surat Singh....

Science Bytes | VOL. 9, ISSUE 57, November-December 2009

Rural Electrification: Orissa

The Central budgetary support under Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana to four districts, Angul, Nayagarh, Ganjam and Gajapati in Orissa was approved by the Ministry of Power, Govt. of India in 2005. Though the Centre approved the State’s proposal for electrification of 11,374 villages, only 5,249 villages have been electrified. It was targeted to provide electricity to over 3.35 lakh BPL households free of cost during the 10th Plan period. A recent review revealed that only 37,481 BPL households...