Forest Cover In India

Forest Cover Trends in India

The economic development of a society depends to a large extent on the judicious management of its natural resources, renewable as well as non-renewable. Among renewable resources, forest cover occupies a unique position owing to its role in maintaining ecological balance, environmental stability and sustainable economic development. However, under pressure of demands from an ever-increasing […]

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Himalayan medicinal plants

Himalayan Medicinal Plants and Plant Biodiversity

Indigenous knowledge has great scientific value as it can be instrumental in efforts towards scientific raw data and also conservation. Such is the case of indigenous knowledge of Himalayan medicinal plants, which can be rooted in a culture’s heritage. This can be severely affected by climate change, with most biodiversity occurring up to an altitude […]

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Canopy layer

Canopy Layers in Abundant Arboreal Forest Habitats

Forests are habitats where trees are usually the main form of vegetation, and can occur in many regions and climates. Forests can occur as tropical rainforests, temperate forests, boreal forests, and so on, and can form vertical layers of vegetation, an example of which is canopy layers, commonly known as forest canopies. Vertical Forest […]

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mangrove ecosystem services

India Biodiversity: Mangrove Ecosystem Services

Mangrove ecosystem – mangroves form dense and often mono-specific strands and are considered “foundation species” that control population and ecosystem dynamics. Currently declining at the rate of 1 per cent per year, mangrove forests are expected to completely disappear within 100 years if nothing is done to remedy it. The Mangrove Ecosystem of India Mangroves […]

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Types of Forests In India

Types of Forests In India and International Forest Day

Covering one-third of Earth’s landmass, forests perform vital tasks across the globe. Different types of forests in India and the world provide green cover to being the biosphere reserves, forests have a lot of importance with over 1.6 billion people, including over 2,000 native cultures directly depending upon the forests. The forests provide livelihoods, shelter, […]

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Lantana Camara

Lantana Camara- Devouring the forests of India

Lantana Camara is one such invasive species that since its introduction has become widespread from Southern India forests to Himalaya foothills.Lantana not only spreads fast but does not allow grass, shrubs or any other plant in its vicinity to grow leading to the migration or decline in the number of herbivores ultimately affecting the carnivores […]

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Mangroves-surviving against all odds

Mangroves are highly specialised ecosystems characterised by salt-resistant plants thriving in the intertidal areas along sheltered coasts and estuaries in tropical and sub-tropical regions. They are commonly found in the latitudes between 24ºN and 38ºS and cover up to 75 per cent of coastlines worldwide. Mangroves, often termed as the tropical rainforests of the sea, […]

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Forest Fires in Uttarakhand

The Himalayan mountain system is one of the most fragile ecosystems in the world due to its inherent tectonic and geological characteristics (Valdiya, 1983). It is a rich storehouse of biodiversity ranging from tropical/subtropical evergreen, subtropical chir pine and broad leaf temperate forests, along with conifer to subalpine and alpine meadows. Frequent forest fires have […]

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