Voter Turnout

Spatial Patterns and Voter Turnout

India conducts fair and democratic elections, where voters exercise free will through constitutionally mandated universal adult suffrage.  Voting behaviour and its Voter turnout is closely linked with the attitude of the populace towards voting. It is therefore imperative to understand how the masses respond to voting, which could serve as an impactful indicator to how […]

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state funding of elections

Should the State fund Elections in India?

In the middle of his controversial demonetisation drive in November 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi used the occasion to call for a national debate to explore the possibility of public funding of elections and political activities in India. The idea of state funding of politics has gained currency internationally. According to the global democracy watchdog […]

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pollution in oceans

Plastic Pollution in Oceans

The modern era is witness to marked anthropogenic activities with rapid industrialisation, development and urbanisation. As a consequence the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and the lithosphere—all constituents of our earth, show increasing signs of pollution. While the atmosphere has shown a rise in the aerosol content and greenhouse gases, the land at most places is being […]

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plastic ban in India

The Efficacy of the Plastic Ban: Findings from States

Since its inception in 1957, when polystyrene was first produced, the plastic industry has grown and diversified. Currently, it employs about 4 million people in India and comprises more than 30,000 processing units, of which 85 to 90 per cent are small and medium sized enterprises (IBEF, 2017). Today, plastics have a wide range of […]

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agricultural water management

Misaligned cropping patterns Vs water resources

Sustainable development and preservation of India’s natural resources necessitate that attention is paid to water usage in agriculture sector. This is especially important in light of the fact that over 78 per cent of freshwater reserves are diverted towards agriculture and agricultural productivity in India is often susceptible to frequency and intensity of rainfalls and […]

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water and sanitation issues in odisha

Odisha’s community owned water and sanitation works

Safe drinking water and sanitation are among the most important determinants of community health and wellbeing. In Odisha, access to both is extremely difficult. The majority of population (85 per cent) lives in rural areas, where sanitation coverage is merely 14.1 per cent and only 5.8 per cent households have access to piped water (Roy, […]

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