Panchayat Revenues and Fiscal Decentralization

Fiscal decentralisation for rural local governments can be meaningful only when the panchayat has adequate untied funds to provide public services assigned to them. Untied funds would imply that either the panchayat should be able to raise tax and non-tax revenues from the sources assigned to them or higher level governments should provide unconditional transfers […]

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Trends in Household Consumption

Household consumption surveys The Household Consumer Expenditure Survey of the National Sample Survey (NSS), conducted by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Government of India, is the primary source of government data on various indicators of levels of living, pattern of consumption and well being of households at the national and state level. […]

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Aquaculture In Sunderban: Climate Change Adaptation

Paddy cultivation and fishing is the mainstay of the Sundarban ecoregions’ economy. However, loss of landmass and frequent incursions of saltwater into agricultural fields is rendering the practice less viable each passing day. Sustainable aquaculture as well as shrimp-paddy culture has the potential to help affected cultivators to not only adapt to climate change but […]

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On Bioculturalism, Shamanism and Unlearning the Creed of Growth

There is an ancient Greek myth that could be a potent parable for our times. Demeter, goddess of grain, fertility and the rhythm of the seasons, appears as a mortal priestess to the imperious King Erysichthon, suggesting he refrain from cutting the trees of a sacred grove planted in celebration of all she embodies. He […]

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Climate Change and Indian Agriculture

The Causes of Climate Change Climate change is primarily attributable to an increase in trace gases – carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, also called greenhouse gases (GHGs) that warm the atmosphere by trapping heat radiating from the earth. Human activities resulting in constantly escalating use of energy ‘subsidies’ in the form of fossil fuels […]

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