India's elderly population, old age, social security Mathew Cherian

Mathew Cherian I Envisioning a Kinder World

G’nY. In your view what are the three major issues concerning the aged in India?  kinder to India’s elderly population The first and foremost problem relates to pension plans as India lacks clarity and transparency in its pension system. Moreover, approximately 90 per cent of the country’s workers are employed in the unorganised sector which […]

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KJ Ramesh, IMD, Rainfall,

K J Ramesh I Bettering Monsoon Predictions

G’nY. Would you say that the accuracy of monsoon prediction has improved over the years? Monsoon rainfall predictions. Yes indeed. We have been able to improve the monsoon rainfall predictions on all temporal and spatial scales as far as rainfall distribution over the last 5 years is concerned. Coupled ocean-atmospheric model is run on a […]

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MN Rajveen, Oceanographic research, Arctic, Anarctic,

M N Rajeevan I Collaboration is the essence of science increasing the opportunity to work extensively

G’nY. Most of the Antarctic state parties have enacted laws for safety of their personnel and activities in Antarctic waters and land. Where does India stand in drafting an Antarctic legislation? Oceanographic research interests India is well ahead into the preparation of an Antarctic legislation. A high level quasi-legal committee has been constituted for the […]

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M Ravichandran I NCPOR: India’s gateway to Polar Regions

G’nY. NCPOR has changed its name several times to justify its reorientation to changing roles. How would you define these rechristening? The first Indian expedition to Antarctica was launched from National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa. Soon after the Department of Ocean Development (DOD) came into existence. With an increasing awareness of Antarctica, DOD soon […]

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M-A-Atmanand, NIOT, MoES, Desalination, Deep Sea Mining

Dr M A Atmanand I Methods of desalination can convert sea water to potable water

G’nY. What economic benefits does India stand to gain from deep sea mining ? Methods of desalination. NIOT is developing a crawler based deep sea mining machine which will pick up manganese nodules from a depth of about 6000 m, crush and pump it to the surface ship. Various sub systems like pumping trails, crawler […]

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oceans, MoES, IPCC, Dr M N Rajeevan , Deep Sea Mining

Dr M N Rajeevan I Technological innovations can help India become third largest economy by 2030

G’nY. With the global environment subject to rapid change, where do you think oceans feature? Oceans are the storehouses of energy, water and food and control weather and climate, underpinning life on Earth. However that relationship is ever-changing. Any change in the ocean system caused by anthropological means or otherwise affects the planet in some […]

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C R Babu

C R Babu | We Need To Save The Aravalli To Save The Entire North Indian Region

G’nY. What would be the impact if the Aravalli were to disappear—made extinct by humans? C R Babu : If the Aravalli ranges were to completely disappear, the immediate consequences would be felt in three ways. First, since the Aravallis act as a barrier between Delhi-NCR and the Thar Desert, with their extinction, we will […]

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Dr Kailasavadivoo Sivan

Dr Kailasavadivoo Sivan | Space Based Information on Floods Played a Major Role in Saving Thousands of Lives During Kerala Floods

G’nY. How can satellites help in flood situations especially in relation to urban floods? Dr Kailasavadivoo Sivan : Floods are one of the most frequently occurring disasters in our country, creating major disturbances on ground, particularly with regard to infrastructure and assets, including livestock. As severe floods affect ground infrastructure, satellite based systems turn out […]

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green revolution, GMO,

M S Swaminathan I Green Revolution should not become Greed Revolution

G’nY. What are your views about the trend of agricultural productivity in India? Agriculture productivity in India is not declining. However, it is not growing at the desired extent either, since output is related to input. Much depends upon the economics of farming in relation to the decision of farmers on the supply of inputs. […]

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importance of quality education

Prof Jean Dreze I Integration, Equity and Universal Quality Education

G’nY. What in your view entails inclusion? Do you think India’s policies internalise inclusion? Inclusion sounds to me like an elementary aspect of social equity. To illustrate, if some children are excluded from the schooling system, including them in it is certainly a good thing to do. The question remains whether they are well integrated […]

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