Disaster Resilience Journey to Sustainable India – 2030

By: Anil K Gupta
Planning and implementing disaster risk reduction requires integration pathways and appropriate tools. The transition from Hyogo Framework for Action to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has brought focus on specific goals, integrating climate change adaptation and environment-disaster linkages—mainstreaming it across all developmental sectors. This paper examines emerging issues of research and strategies for disaster risk framework strengthening and network development to achieve the designated goals by 2030, as also envisaged under the Prime Minister’s 10 Point Agenda on Disaster Risk Management.
Disaster Education

Disaster Management Vision – New Paradigm Shift

The Global Assessment Report of UNDRR (2018) has presented a new picture of disaster risk in developing countries that warns of major risks from air pollution and biological hazards, besides floods, drought, landslides and earthquakes. Over 4 per cent of GDP loss is projected annually if disaster risk reduction is not put into practice. The report estimated a USD 79.5 billion loss from climate-related disasters in 20 years in India alone. Although the recent years see a substantial reduction in deaths due to disasters, there is an increasing property, livelihood and resource damage that has to be managed.

Investing in disaster risk reduction for—sustainable and resilient infrastructure; ecosystem services and environment management; climate change adaptation; and, capacity building for research, education and culture of safety the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR 2015-2030) priority would be to seek a planning agenda particularly at sub-national and local levels. The second paradigm shift from disaster centric to hazard-vulnerability-environment centric, over the past decade is inculcated in India as well. With several examples and pilots at various levels, the paradigm needs strengthening and vertical and horizontal scaling.

 

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