salt water crocodile

Galathea National Park

By: Staff Reporter

The Galathea National Park comprises the core area of the southern part of the Biosphere Reserve in Great Nicobar Island and consists of lowland forests which have the greatest abundance of endemic avifauna. It is the prime nesting habitat of the Nicobar Megapode and possibly the area of other endemic species too.

great nicobar island
fig: Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

Basic information:

Area of the National Park – 110  Sq. Km.

Distance from Port Blair – 432 Km.

Best season for visiting – November to April


How to reach:

The national Park is accessible by ship which

plies regularly every 7-10 days from Port Blair

to Campbell Bay in Great Nicobar Island.


There is a PWD Guest House with adequate

accommodation and one is adviced to do

advance booking at Port Blair/Campbell Bay

for the same.


An entry permit is required and is available at Campbell Bay from where one can visit South Bay (Giant Leather Back Turtle nesting ground) and to Indira Point – the southernmost point in India.

Important flora:

The park is endowed with large uninhabited low lying forests containing some rare and endangered plants with rich species content, and is also a rich resource of genetic germplasm.

Important flora:

Leather Back Turtle

The leather back turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the largest of all the living turtles in the world. It nests in large numbers during the months between December to February at South Bay.

leather back turtle
Fig: Leather Back Turtle

Source: Africa Geographic Magazine

Crab Eating Macaque

This Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) has its habitat as tropical rain forests and is arboreal in habit. It is said to have crabs as food.

crab eating macaque
Fig: crab eating macaque

Source: Flickr – Rushen

Salt Water Crocodile

The Salt Water Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is the largest of all nesting crocodiles. It is well adapted to a semi-aquatic mode of life and is typically associated with brackish waters, coastal mangrove swamps etc. The mouth of the  River has an abundance of this sluggish and lethargic creature.

salt water crocodile
Fig: Salt Water Crocodile

Source: flickr, Snap

Other important fauna:

Mammals – Andaman Wild Pig. Palm Civet, Fruit Bat.

Birds – Nicobar Pigeon, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Nicobar Serpent Eagle, Parakeets, Nicobar Megapode.

Reptiles – Water Monitor Lizard, Reticulated Python

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