New Calculations Determining BPL holders

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Government at present allocates foodgrains (wheat and rice) to below poverty line (BPL) families under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), Department of Food and Public Distribution. The assessment of BPL families is based on the 1993-94 poverty estimates of Planning Commission and the population estimates of Registrar General of India as on 1st March 2000 or the number of such families actually identified and ration cards issued to them by state/UT governments, whichever is less. As per these estimates, the accepted number of BPL families is 6.52 crore, which includes 2.43 crore Antyodaya Anna Yojana (launched in 2000, for the ‘poorest of poor’ that aims at providing rice and wheat to 10 million families at a subsidised rate of Rs 2 and Rs 3, respectively, per kg) families. Government will, in the future also, take into account multiple dimensions of deprivation based on the indicators that are being collected through the newly constituted Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC), 2011 for arriving at specific entitlements that rural households will receive under various central government programmes and schemes. The Union Ministry of Rural Development and the Planning Commission will consult the states, experts and civil society organisations to arrive at a consensus on the methodology by the time the SECC, 2011 is completed. The new BPL list according to press reports is likely to be in place by June-July 2013.

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