New Delhi, September 23 (G’nY News Service): As the world gears itself up for the Conference of the Parties (COP21) the Additional Secretary, to the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), declared that India’s intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) will not encompass any socio-economic objectives of the country.
The Conference of the Parties (COP21), a global event on climate change under the aegis of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is scheduled on November 30 and December 1, in Paris, France. As many as 190 countries will be joining the COP21 this year to discuss about green house emissions and ways of climate change mitigation. The intended nationally determined contribution or INDC refers to the pledges that each member country has outlined to help fight the rising plague of green house emissions and global warming.
Addressing the 4th annual CII Climate Change Conference, Sushil Kumar clearly stated that the India’s INDCs will strictly adhere to adoption of green energy and ameliorating energy efficiency of the country, since Our INDC will include country’s vision to ensure increased adoption of green energy and processes to improve energy efficiency without compromising the scope and pace of socio-economic development,” he was quoted saying by the Economic Times.
(Photo courtesy: http://www.ambafrance-ie.org/IMG/arton3155.jpg?1438082997)
As of now, 58 countries, including the European Union, the United States, Russia and Mexico, have already submitted their INDCs for the conference. The Indian INDCs for climate change mitigation and adaptation from 2020-2030 are expected to be announced by the end of September. The submitted INDCs are analyzed, assessed and revised ten-year cycles and will be guided by progression.
The INDCs are expected to be instrumental in fighting the rapid rate of climate change and limit future climate risks as each country will come up with unique pledges, each set according to their national priorities and circumstances – in the process rouging a diverse picture for experts to analyze and track progress.
As of yet, the many countries have publicly declared what their INDCs will focus on. A few of them are listed below:
The European Union – Announced a 40 per cent reduction of emissions by 2030, with 1990 as the base level. ;
The United States – Aims a 26-28 per cent reduction of emissions by 2025 with 2005 as the base year.
China – Aims to lower carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60 per cent to 65 per cent and increase the forest stock volume by around 4.5 billion cubic meters from the 2005 levels.
Japan – Reduction of 26.0 per cent from 2013 levels by 2030.
Republic of Korea – Aims an overall 37 per cent reduction of green house emissions by 2030.
Mexico – Reduction of 22 per cent of GHG and a reduction of 51 per cent of Black Carbon.
Singapore – Aims a 36 per cent reduction from 2005 levels by 2030, and stabilize its emissions with the aim of peaking around 2030.
New Zealand – Reduce emissions to 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
Canada – Achieve an economy-wide target to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.