Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites in India

Climate Change English Free Article Water

World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2 February. India currently has 39 sites (updated October 2020) designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 689,131 hectares including Wular Lake in Jammu and Kashmir. Ramsar sites are wetlands of international importance.

Ramsar sites are wetlands considered to be of international importance. The Ramsar convention, an international body, forms the basis for identification of such wetlands. The international treaty came into effect in 1971 after identifying the first such wetland at the Ramsar city of Iran. The Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands.

ramsar sites in india
Ramsar Sites in India
  1. Wular Lake, Jammu& Kashmir
    Freshwater Lake
    18,900 ha
    Largest freshwater lake of river Jhelum Basin. Provides flood protection to Kashmir Valley.
  2. Hokera, Jammu&Kashmir
    Freshwater marsh
    1,375 haHaven for water birds
  3. Surisnsar-Mansar Lakes, Jammu & Kashmir
    Freshwater lake
    350 ha
    Wildlife sanctuary and a sacred site supporting several species of high conservation value
  4. Tsomoriri, Jammu & Kashmir
    Freshwater-saline lake
    12,000 ha
    Breeding ground for endangered black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) and bar-headed geese (Anser indicus)
  5. Chandertal, Himachal Pradesh
    Freshwater lake
    49 ha
    Natural habitat to rare flora and fauna species of alphine region
  6. Pong Dam lake, Himachal Pradesh
    15,662 ha
    The Maharana Pratap Sagar created by Pong Dam supports highly diverse waterbird habitats
  7. Kanjili, Punjab
    Impounded stream
    183 ha
    Storage area for irrigation.
  8. Harike Lake, Punjab
    4,100 ha
    It is the main source of water for Indira Gandhi that irrigates Rajasthan.
  9. Ropar, Punjab
    Freshwater lake
    1,365 ha
    Important bird watching and boating site.
  10. Renuka, Himachal Pradesh
    Freshwater Lake
    20 ha
    A natural wetland with freshwater springs
  11. Sambhar Lake
    Saline lake
    24,000 ha
    Second largest breeding ground for flamingos in India
  12. Keoladeo National Park (KNP), Rajasthan
    Freshwater swamps
    2,873 ha
    Known as the Bharatpur bird sanctuary, also a world heritage site.
  13. Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
    River stretch
    26,590 ha
    Ganga river dolphin, crocodile and otters are some of the mammalian species found here.
  14. Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary, Gujarat
    Freshwater lake
    4,100 ha
    Largest wetland bird sanctuary in Gujarat with around 250 species of water birds
  15. Bhoj Wetland, Madhya Pradesh
    3,201 ha
    Main source of water for Bhopal City

Ramsar Sites in India

16. Deepor Beel, Assam
Freshwater lake
4,000 ha
Supports high concentration of migratory waterbird

17. Loktak Lake, Manipur
Freshwater marsh
26,600 ha
The only known natural habitat for Manipur brow-antlered deer

18. Rudrasagar lake, Tripura
Freshwater lake
240 ha
Ideal habitat for riverine fish species

19. East Kolkata Wetlands, West Bengal
Sewage fed fish ponds
12,500 ha
These wetlands treat the city’s sewage and provides for fish and vegetables

20. Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Odisha
Mangrove swamps
65,000 ha
Home to endangered salt water crocodiles and Gahirmatha beach is the largest known Olive Ridley sea turtle nestling in the world.

21. Chilika, Odisha
1,16,500 ha
One of the only two lagoons with population of Irrawaddy dolphins. Its rich fishery resources sustains 0.2 million fishers

.Ramsar Sites in India

22. Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh
Freshwarer lake
90,100 ha
Acts as a flood balancing reservoir and was once known for its spot-billed pelicans sighting.

23. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
Coastal swamps and salt pans
38,500 ha
Supports high diversity of water bird

24. Vembanad-Kol, Kerala
Floodplain estuary complex
1,51,250 ha
Known for backwater tourism and rich source of live and sub-fossil clam deposits.

25. Ashtamudi, Kerala
61,400 ha
A palm shaped estuary with eight branches, gateway to the backwaters of Kerala.

26. Sashthamkotta Lake, Kerala
Freshwater lake
373 ha
Source of drinking water for half a million people in Kollam City and its suburbs.

  1. Sundarban Wetland, West Bengal 

The largest mangrove forest in the world that encompasses hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets and creeks

423,000 ha

Constitutes over 60 per cent of India’s total mangrove forest area and includes 90 per cent of the Indian mangrove species.

  1. Nandur Madhameshwar, Maharashtra

Lakes, marshes and riparian forest

1437 ha

Formed by shallow backwaters of Nandur Madhmeshwar dam and is also a bird sanctuary.

  1. Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve, Punjab

A mosaic of natural marshes, aquaculture ponds and agricultural wetlands

343.9 ha

A community-managed wetland, which provides food for people and supports local biodiversity.

  1. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh

Perennial lowland marsh

799 ha

Six connected lakes are heavily dependent on monsoon rains and harbours threatened bird species.

  1. Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh

A permanent freshwater environment consisting of two oxbow lakes

722 ha

Roosting and breeding sites with over 100,000 birds and a refuge for some of India’s threatened vulture species.

  1. Sarsai Nawar Jheel, Uttar Pradesh

A permanent marsh

161 ha

An example of co-habitation of humans and wildlife and sustaining the vulnerable Sarus crane.

  1. Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary, Punjab

A human-made reservoir

116 ha

Supports abundant flora and fauna including Indian pangolin, Egyptian vulture and the leopard.

  1. Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh

A shallow marshland

225 ha

Known as a haven for birds, with 25,000 waterbirds regularly recorded.

  1. Sandi Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh

A freshwater marsh

308.5 ha

A typical Indo-Gangetic plains wetlands and a habitat for waterfowl with over 40,000 individuals counted in 2018.

  1. Beas Conservation Reserve, Punjab

A stretch of the Beas River

6428.9 ha

Dotted with islands, sand bars and braided channels creating a complex environment supporting substantial biodiversity and hosts the only known population in India of the endangered Indus river dolphin.

  1. Saman Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh

A seasonal oxbow lake on the Ganges floodplain

526.3 ha

A wintering site for many migrants including the greylag goose.

  1. Asan Conservation Reserve, Uttarakhand

A stretch of the Asan River running down to its confluence with the Yamuna River

444.4 ha

Supports 330 species of birds including red-headed vulture, white-rumped vulture and Baer’s pochard

  1. Kabartal Wetland, Bihar

Also known as Kanwar Jheel located in the Indo-Gangetic plains

2,620 ha

An important stopover along the Central Asian Flyway.

Updated: October, 2020


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