Rice productivity is a lot in India, and it is grown in 534 districts in India spread over 30 states and union territories. The area, production and productivity of all rice growing districts in the country from 1998-1999 to 2000-2001 have been pooled together to arrive at triennium average, which forms the basis of a five category classification.
■ High Productivity Group
Yield > 2500 kg/ha
110 districts of the nation fell in this category during the triennium with an area of 12.06 million hecatares, constituting 26.9 per cent of total area under rice in the country. Triennium average production was 37.42 million tonnes – 42.8 per cent the total production of rice in the country. The average yield per unit area of high productivity districts during this period was worked out as 3,103 kg/ha, which was 59 per cent higher than the national average productivity of 1,947 kg/ha during the same period.
■ Medium Productivity Group
Yield 2000-2500 kg/ha
A total of 81 districts fall within this group. The average area during the triennium was 7.77 million hectatres which was 17.3 per cent of total area under rice in the country. An average production of 17.45 million tonnes accounted for 20 per cent of the national production of rice. Triennium average productivity for this category was 2,246 kg/ha – 15 per cent higher than the national average.
■ Medium-Low Productivity Group
Yield 1500-2000 kg/ha
94 districts of various states of the country constituted this category, with a triennium average rice area of 7.54 million hectares – 16.8 per cent of India’s area under rice. The average production of 13.38 million tonnes was recorded in this group during the triennium, which was 15.3 per cent of average national production of rice during the same period. Triennium average rice productivity of this group was worked out as 1,775 kg/ha, which was below the national average during the same period.
■ Low Productivity Group
Yield 1000-1500 kg/ha
Out of 534 rice growing districts of the country, 155, the largest number, fall in this category. Triennium average area under rice was 11.58 million hectares – 25.8 per cent of total area under rice in the country. Triennium average production of 14.22 million tonnes was recorded in this group, i.e. 16.3 per cent of national production of rice during the same period. Productivity of rice for the group was worked out as 1,228 kg/ha, which was much below the national productivity levels.
■ Very-Low Productivity Group
Yield < 1000 kg/ha
94 districts of various states with a triennium average area of 5.93 million hectares – 13.2 per cent of national average area under rice, constitutes this group. Triennium average production of rice in this group was recorded 4.9 million tonnes, which was 5.6 per cent of the average production of rice in the country. Triennium average productivity of this group was worked out as 826 kg/ha, 50 per cent less than the national average productivity of rice for the same period.