Hornbill

Hornbills in India | Habitat and Conservation

Hornbills are spectacular birds with long beaks, brightly coloured skin around the eyes and flashy loose pouch at the neck that help carry fruits. They get their name from the horn like structure on the top of their beak—the casque. Their distribution is globally limited to Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian-Subcontinent, Philippines, Indonesia and the Solomon Islands. […]

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REDD and Indigenous Communities in India

Earning financial incentives from carbon trading by avoiding forest emissions is known as REDD – reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation. The anticipated benefit from such transactions is alluring for economy-building developing nations but the advantages of such a policy need to be weighed before committing to REDD in totality. It is believed that deforestation […]

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Convention on Biological Diversity

Biodiversity overview Inventories of faunal diversity in India are being progressively updated and analysed with several new discoveries. So far, nearly 91,212 of faunal species, 7.43 per cent of the world’s faunal species, have been recorded in the country. India has 413 globally threatened faunal species, which is approximately 4.9 per cent of the world’s […]

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Protecting the World’s Forests

Conservation is inbuilt in the lifestyles and beliefs of most indigenous peoples. In advanced civilizations, conservation began when rulers of countries set aside land for hunting or other royal recreation. However, structured conservation initiative is a fairly recent phenomenon. In fact, conservation with a view to protect a forest area only began in 1872 when […]

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Arid Western India: Land Degradation and Climate Change

Land degradation is one of the most potential environmental threats for any nation, more so where the livelihood of people depends largely on agriculture and related land based activities. Although land degradation is common to all climatic zones of the world, its occurrence in the arid, semi arid and dry sub humid zones – the […]

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