New Delhi, February 02 (G’nY News Service): India’s diverse geographical location makes it prone to a large number of natural disasters. Every year our subcontinent faces a number of small and large disasters – increasingly frequent. This list explores the top 10 natural disasters in India that occurred in 2015, the ranking based on the casualties reported. And, we are sure you would be surprised to learn which disaster topped the list. Roll down for the highest casualties ever…
10. MANIPUR LANDSLIDE
In August heavy rains caused a landslide in Manipur’s Chandel district resulting in the death of 20 people. Rescue efforts were hampered because of damage to crucial bridges connecting Chandel town to Juomol village where the incident occurred. Landslides can occur when slopes become completely saturated with water due to heavy rainfall.
9. DARJEELING LANDSLIDES
In the last week of June due to heavy rainfall major landslides were triggered in the Darjeeling area. The landslides occurred in 25 places at Darjeeling,Kalimpong and Kursoeng and washed away parts of a highway and a bridge. The death toll stood at38. People reported missing were 23 and 500 more displaced.
8. NEPAL EARTHQUAKE (MAY 2015)
The Nepal earthquake occurred on 12th May,2015, devastating with a magnitude 7.3 on the Richter scale. It was considered an aftershock of the April quake,but with the high quake intensity it was a devastating earthquake. Tremors were felt in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and New Delhi. More than 42 people died and many more were injured.
7. ASSAM FLOODS
In August end, the state of Assam was flooded due to torrential rainfall and the overflowing of Brahmaputra and its tributaries. While Assam gets heavy rainfall and is susceptible to floods no lessons seem to be have learnt from past flood experience. Heavy deforestation also worsens this problem. More than 42 people lost their lives to the floods and 200,000 people were forced to seek refuge in relief camps
6. BIHAR NOR’WESTER STORM
Towards the end of April, a nor ’wester storm hit Bihar. Around 57 people died and 442 people were injureddue to this storm. A nor ’wester is an intense type of storm which occasionally brings heavy rain and high wind.
5. NORTH INDIA UNSEASONAL RAINS
In March 2015, there were unseasonal rains and hailstorms all over North India, which resulted in the damage and loss of rabi crops. This caused 67 farmers to commit suicide. March generally does not see a lot of rain and the large amount of unseasonal precipitation caused damage to rabi crops such as wheat, mustard and peas.
4. NEPAL EARTHQUAKE (APRIL 2015)
On 25th April,2015, the country of Nepal was jolted by an earthquake of magnitude 7.8. This was the worst natural disaster to affect Nepal since the 1934 Nepal-Bihar earthquake. The earthquake was felt in India too in the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Rajasthan. It resulted in the death of 78 people in India and injured 560 more.
3. GUJARAT FLOODS
Gujarat was affected by two floods in the months of June and July in 2015. Due to a monsoonal disturbance, a deep depression was formed off the coast of Gujarat. This brought heavy rains to the State and resulted in death of 80 people and affected livestock and crops. It also resulted in the death of 10 lions. In July end there was another flood in Gujarat due to the monsoon and 72 people died in these floods while 4 million people were affected by it.
2. TAMIL NADU FLOODS
The 2015 floods in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Puducherry were due to heavy rainfall generated from the North East monsoon. Around 470 people were killed and 18 lakh people were displaced. The city of Chennai was badly hit with the problem being made worse by ill planned construction. It was one of the costliest natural disasters of 2015.
While the months of May and June are hot, in 2015 there was a heatwave in India during the month of May and as of 3rd June resulted in 2,500 deaths. The heatwave was particularly bad in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telagana and Odisha with temperatures reaching 46oC.