Health Inequity in India

Photo: Prasad
Pushkar Lake, Ajmer, Rajasthan

Abstract: Wide regional inequalities exist in the health status of the country. A study of measures like infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, safe delivery and immunisation shows that economic development along with a higher governmental expenditure on health can lead to improvement in the health status.

The author is Senior Economist, Indicus

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It is a crushed aggregate produced from hard granite stone, washed and graded with a specific consistency to be used as a substitute of river sand.

The Human Development Index (HDI), is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rank countries/region to measure both social and economic development.

According to the UN Environment Programme, green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities.

A term coined by Ashish Bose in a paper presented to then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to refer to the four grossly under-developed states of (undivided) Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in the 1980s.

Poverty line estimate of Planning Commission based on Suresh Tendulkar. In 2013, the Tendulkar panel had redrawn the poverty line at a daily consumption expenditure of Rs. 22.42 per person in rural areas and Rs 28.65 in urban areas.

Foreign direct investment—an investment made by an entity or company based in one country into an entity or company based in another nation.

Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held responsible to set rules and responsible for keeping international efforts to address climate change impacts.

It is a mechanism by the UNFCCC with the objectives of mitigating climate change through reducing emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management.