Regional Development and Planning in India

Photo: Prasad

Port Blair, Andaman

Abstract: Development, no matter how one defines it brings disparity, though its scale and nature could be varied. A broader historical overview that maps progress in living standards is imperative to understand the development discourse.

The author is Assistant Professor, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Term Power

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It is a crushed aggregate produced from hard granite stone, washed and graded with a specific consistency to be used as a substitute of river sand.

The Human Development Index (HDI), is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rank countries/region to measure both social and economic development.

According to the UN Environment Programme, green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities.

A term coined by Ashish Bose in a paper presented to then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to refer to the four grossly under-developed states of (undivided) Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in the 1980s.

Poverty line estimate of Planning Commission based on Suresh Tendulkar. In 2013, the Tendulkar panel had redrawn the poverty line at a daily consumption expenditure of Rs. 22.42 per person in rural areas and Rs 28.65 in urban areas.

Foreign direct investment—an investment made by an entity or company based in one country into an entity or company based in another nation.

Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held responsible to set rules and responsible for keeping international efforts to address climate change impacts.

It is a mechanism by the UNFCCC with the objectives of mitigating climate change through reducing emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management.