Former Director General, India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi.

DISASTER MANAGEMENT Forecasting Tropical Cyclones in the Indian Ocean: A HYCOM-HWRF Coupled System

Tropical storm forecast models conventionally use static sea surface temperature (SST), assuming its temporal changes are not significant in forecast. However, oceanic processes such as upwelling, currents and eddies, significantly modulate SST even at short time scales. Such changes have the potential to influence the planetary boundary layer. Eminent climate scientists, Morris A Bender and Issac Ginis have shown that inclusion of initial conditions with oceanic mesoscale features can improve hurricane/cyclone intensity forecasts. Scientific evidence thus supports better forecasts with coupled forecast systems and several forecast centres across the globe depend on such systems. In line with the international efforts, Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and two of its institutes, ESSO-INCOIS and ESSO-IMD, established a state-of-the-art coupled forecasting system for cyclones arising in the Indian Ocean in collaboration with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of USA. In the present article, we explore the relevance of the system and its performance in achieving this goal.

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WEATHER N CLIMATE Early Cyclone Warning and Disaster Risk Reduction

Early warnings, which includes effective monitoring, detection and prediction of topical cyclones is crucial. Given the several constraints encountered, advanced technologies are fully employed for quality services towards public safety.

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