Cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean

Photo Courtesy: NASA

Abstract: Tropical cyclones (TC) in the northern Indian Ocean (NIO) have several prominent characteristics as compared to storms in other ocean basins of the world, especially in their genesis, structure, disaster and impact. TCs in the NIO show peak periods twice in a year, never demonstrate extra-tropical transition (ET), and result in higher storm surges than anywhere else in the world.

The author is Professor, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China.