Ocean Tech - Jan 2019 cover

Vol no. 19 Issue No. 124

Inside this issue

NIOT Special

Quarter Century of Ocean Technology

By: P Jalihal

In the last 25 years, the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) has progressed from developing technology for shallow waters to deep waters. Coastal communities too have been provided access to desalinised potable water and have benefited from the tsunami warning system.

Recent Developments in Shore Protection for India’s Coasts

By: M V Ramanamurthy, B K Jena and R Vijaya

The 7,500 km long Indian coastline faces severe threats from the process of coastal erosion. The National Institute of Ocean Technology, through data collection, scientific modelling and engineering activities, has attempted to protect several coastlines of which the Kadalur Periyakuppam coast is one.

Minimising Shipborne Emissions Along the Indian Coast

By: D Rajasekhar, PS Deepak Sankar, B Bhavana Singh, D Narendrakumar, Ananthakrishna, K Ramasundaram, D Bernardin Marina and V Chandana Deepthi

The 7,500 kms long Indian coastline is dotted with many major and minor ports. The temporal increase in the volume of cargo is also indicative of the rising emissions by ships which NIOT is trying to minimise using innovative strategies.

Observing the Oceans

By: R Venkatesan, M Kalyani, K J Jossia, K Ramesh, M Arul Muthiah, S Ramasundaram and P Murugesh

Ocean Observation Systems Group of National Institute of Ocean Technology has established a moored buoy network consisting of twelve deepwater buoys, four coastal buoys and two tsunami buoys at strategic locations in the Northern Indian Ocean along with an IndARC buoy in Arctic region. It also maintains an exclusive buoy for validation of satellite data.

The Significance of Acoustics, Sensors and Electronics in Ocean Technology

By: D Rajapan, G Latha and MC Sanjana

Oceans cover about 71 per cent of the earth’s surface, but remain mostly unmapped. Since an efficient way to study oceans is through sound, Earth System Science Organisation-National Institute of Ocean Technology (ESSO-NIOT) has been developing various devices that can help monitor the underwater world.

Low Temperature Thermal Desalination – A Novel Approach

By: G Venkatesan, L S S P Kumar, V S P Raphael, S S Rao, A Viswanath, P Jalihal and M A Atmanand

The LTTD plant, commissioned and demonstrated successfully off Kavaratti, Lakshadweep in 2004, has given people in the island easy access to potable water.

Renewable Green Fuel from Marine Microalgae

By: G Dharani, R Kirubagaran, M L Thilagam and M A Atmanand

With their capacity to absorb hydrocarbons and non-polar lipid and the ability to survive in harsh conditions, microalgae have emerged as a viable alternative. NIOT recently isolated more than 260 algal strains and cultivated them to produce bio-diesel.

Technologies for Deep Ocean Exploration

By: G A Ramadass, S Ramesh, G Kuttikrishnan, N Vedachalam, N R Ramesh and M A Atmanand

The NIOT was established in 1993 for catering to the requirement of developing technology for exploring oceans and harnessing underwater resources.

In Conversation With

Dr M N Rajeevan I Technological innovations can help India become third largest economy by 2030

By: Staff Reporter

In conversation with Dr M N Rajeevan, Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India.

Dr M A Atmanand I Methods of desalination can convert sea water to potable water

By: Staff Reporter

In conversation with Dr M A Atmanand, Director, National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and Chair IOCINDIO (UNESCO).

In brief

Editor's Note

Guest Editor's Note

Charting a New  Course for the Oceans What is the role of oceans in shaping our future and ensure sustainability of the Planet Earth? We know that life originated in the ocean almost three billion years earlier than on land which means that oceans make the planet Earth habitable. We need to focus