Population cover

Vol no. 18 Issue No. 110

Inside this issue

Population Review

Demographic Changes and Implications

By: K S James

In recent years the focus on population control has shifted to other critical issues such as demographic dividend, which not only provides greater opportunities, but also throws up several challenges.

Does population cause poverty or prosperity?

By: Sunaina Mathur

Population becomes a cause for prosperity if humans utilise their capacity to think, research and create. When equipped with the right resources and opportunities, humans act as a catalyst for their own growth and development.

Migration in India: A Policy Perspective

By: Ram Babu Bhagat

Migration has hardly been recognised as that which shapes social structures, cultures and history. Economic aspects and labour market discourse pervade migration studies as opposed to its roots in social theories.

Urban India

Housing for Indias urban population

By: Staff Reporter

India has witnessed a constant surge in the numbers of its urban population. Cities provide endless opportunities to citizens, but to make full use of them, providing equitable housing is imperative.

Smart Cities: An Alternate Perspective

By: Amitabh Kundu

The Smart City Mission, despite the support from various ministries is lacking in several goals including pro-poor approach in addressing several issues including access to basic amenities.

Urban Water Supply Scenario in India

By: Puneet Srivastava and Nirma Bora

The demand for water is likely to rise as urbanisation increases in India. As the challenges of access to safe drinking water and improvement of services arise, a combination of short and long-term solutions will be required.

Concept Counter

Malthus, Over Population and its Relevance

By: Staff Reporter

Thomas Robert Malthus was widely criticised for his theory on the incongruent growth of world population and the food supply. Yet, the theory proved to be instrumental for preventive checks across the world.

The Young Population Pyramids

By: Staff Reporter

A population pyramid illustrates distribution of different age-groups in a population of a country, region or the world. We bring to you the age-sex structure of select countries that are similar to India with a large youthful society.


We must give up what we cannot reuse

By: Staff Reporter

Eric Solheim, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) speaks with G’nY on the menace of plastic pollution and measures India can take to curb it.

The State and Industries: A Fetid Nexus

By: Staff Reporter

The State alone can keep industries in check and pre-empt, prevent and mitigate harm to environment. The past decades however have been witness to the State itself being a part of the very activities it is supposed to restrict.

In brief

Editor's Note

Plentiful is prosperity. Isn’t that what is commonly understood? Then why is large population a negative? So many helping hands, forging a golden future with young, creative, innovative minds at the helm, should just be a cake walk. Only it isn’t. India’s Human Development Index published in 2

Term Power

What is ...

The actual reproductive performance of an individual, couple, group, or a population is known as fecundity.

Census is an official survey of the population in a country. It is carried out to find details such as population numbers, age, sex, and occupation. This information helps the government in the preparation and execution of plans related to education, health, employment and much more.

Emigration is the process of leaving one’s residential country intending to take up permanent residence in another to increase one's chance of employment or to improve the quality of life. The residence can be permanent or semi-permanent, depending on the country’s laws.

Death rate or mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a given area and time. A mortality rate of 5 denotes the death of 5 people in every 1,000, or .5 per cent of the total population.

Demographic transition is the historical shift from high to low birth and death rates in a population. It has been observed that the decline of mortality usually precedes the decline in fertility, resulting in a rapid population growth during the transition period.

The replacement level fertility is the total fertility rate at which a population replaces itself from one generation to next. The rate is roughly 2.1 children per woman in developed countries, although it may vary with mortality rates and living conditions. In countries with high infant and child mortality rates, however, the average number of births may need to be much higher.

Age dependency ratio is the ratio of the number of children (0-14 years old) and older persons (65 years or over) to the working-age population (15-64 years old). The ratio is used to measure the pressure on productive population in a specific state, country or world.

Total fertility rate (TFR) is the total number of children born or likely to be born to a woman in her life if she were subject to the prevailing rate of age-specific fertility in the population. The TFR is a synthetic rate, not based on the fertility of any real group of women.

Urbanisation is the gradual increase in population living in urban areas and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. It is the process through which towns and cities forms and expands as more people begin living and working in central areas.

Carrying capacity is the maximum individuals of a given species an area can sustain through its resources indefinitely without drastically depleting or degrading those resources.