Healthcare Perspectives cover

Vol no. 18 Issue No. 108

Inside this issue

Healthcare Perspectives

Access to Healthcare in India

By: Staff Reporter

Accessible and affordable healthcare in the public sector can reduce India’s growing dependence on private institutions. However, at present lopsided and poorly manned governmental facilities leave no alternatives apart from accessing private institutions and incurring a high ‘out-of-pocket’ expenditure in health care.

Healthcare Insurance in India: A Few Concerns

By: Dripto Mukhopadhyay

The Union Government’s budget speech of 2018-19 announced two major initiatives, the National Health Protection Scheme and the establishment of Health and Wellness Centres. Central and state governments have always put health at the forefront of planning, but public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP has remained low. Low expenditure, skewed distribution of coverage across states, lack of facilities in government hospitals among other problems prevail in the public health sector.


Where are our Doctors

By: Mayur Trivedi

The Indian Health sector currently suffers from a skewed doctor to patient ratio. India must look beyond recruitment, focus on retention of public sector doctors and use methods of social science and management for enhanced delivery of public health services.

Emerging Concerns

The Health Risks of Air Pollution

By: Staff Reporter

Rising levels of air pollution are posing a health hazard to people worldwide. In 2016, exposure to ambient PM2.5 caused 1.025 million deaths in India. While a number of policies to combat air pollution exists, improper implementation leaves us gasping for the most basic of human needs—air.


By: Staff Reporter

In March 2018, the Supreme Court of India in a landmark judgement passed an order legitimising passive euthanasia in India. However, if passive euthanasia through a ‘living will’ is legalised, the courts must engage medical practitioners to also look at providing terminal patients a painless way of passing on.

Mental Health in India

By: Staff Reporter

Mental health issues remain unreported over most of India. According to the 2017 World Health Organisation (WHO) Report, major or minor mental illnesses requiring expert intervention is 7.5 per cent of India’s population. Also, estimates show that of roughly 60 million people with mental illnesses, about 90 per cent are currently not receiving treatment in India.

In brief

Health Updates

The human race fights innumerable diseases. Scientific innovations and new findings help the human race to keep ahead in the war against ill-health. We bring to you few project summaries that is an imperative read for all.

Editor's Note

We are now fortnightly. A big thank you to all our readers. We are indebted to you for your support. This first issue of the fortnightly series, 108th in the G’nY timeline, is about one of the largest development challenges India faces­­­­—healthcare. It is common knowledge that doctors in

Term Power

What is ...

Probability of dying (per 1,000) between ages 15 and 60 years (adult mortality rate).

DALY is an abbreviation for Disability Adjusted Life Years. The sum of years of potential life lost due to premature mortality and the years of productive life lost due to disability.

An air quality index (AQI) is a number used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become. As the AQI increases, an increasingly large percentage of the population is likely to experience severe adverse health effects.

The dependency ratio is a measure showing the number of dependents, aged zero to 14 and over the age of 65, to the total population, aged 15 to 64. It is also referred to as the 'total dependency ratio'.

HALE is short for Health Adjusted Life Expectancy and is the equivalent number of years in full health that a newborn can expect to live based on current rates of ill‐healthand mortality.

The doctor-population ratio is the number of doctors per 1000 population in an administrative territory.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents (defined according to the WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents, overweight—one standard deviation body mass index for age and sex, and obese—two standard deviations body mass index for age and sex).

The crude death rate is calculated as the number of deaths in a given period divided by the population exposed to risk of death in that period.

The number of tuberculosis cases (new and relapse) notified to the national health authorities during a specified period of time per 100,000 population.

A treatment gap is the difference between the number of people who need healthcare but do not receive it.

Prevalence is a statistical concept referring to the number of cases of a disease that are present in a particular population at a given time.

Family planning services are defined as educational, comprehensive, medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved.