India's Developmental Odds cover

Vol no. 16 Issue No. 98

Expert Panel

Prithvish Nag

Vice Chancellor, MG Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi

B Meenakumari

Chairman, National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai

Ajit Tyagi

Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Former DG, IMD, New Delhi

B Sengupta

Former Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi

Rasik Ravindra

Former Director, NCAOR, Goa

Saraswati Raju

Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

Sachidanand Sinha

Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

Dripto Mukhopadhaya

Director, Economic Research, Nielsen, New Delhi

Inside this issue

Agriculture - Crops

Is Pulses Revolution a possibility?

By: Rina Mukerji and Rashmirekha Pandit

The neglect of pulses saw them being relegated to marginal lands during the Green Revolution, even as rice and wheat production grew manifold. As India grapples with a demand-supply gap it is time, through technological breakthroughs, right policies and incentives to farmers to bridge this gap.

Phytoliths: Aid to bio-sequestration

By: Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Ashutosh Tripathi, Swati Singh, D K Chauhan and N K Dubey

Increased carbon dioxide concentration in the environment is currently a major problem. Since nature has significantly occluded carbon by burying it into the soil for millions of years in the form of fossil phytoliths, this can serve as a probable method of carbon bio-sequestration.

Economy - Development

India’s Poverty Line: Changing Perspectives

By: Amitabh Kundu

Several expert committees have been constituted in the past for proposing a conceptual framework and empirical procedure for determining the poverty line. Yet, an acceptable methodology remains elusive for identifying the most vulnerable and deserving segments of population for effective policy intervention.

Economy - Industry

Challenges of Mining in India

By: Samiksha Agarwal and Lekha Chakraborty

India has the onerous distinction of having the highest taxation and royalty rates for the mining sector. This mars the overall competitive edge of mining firms.

BREXIT-What Next?

By: Sheetal Sharma

Xenophobia and hatred have been the prime drivers of Britain’s exit from the European Union (EU). But there are latent dimensions to the vote, which are as yet unassesed.

Economy - Renewable Energy


By: Staff Reporter

India figured among the top five nations, both in terms of investment and total capacity generation of renewables in 2015, as per the Renewables 2016 Global Status Report.

Business MODEL FOR Rooftop Solar In India

By: Gireesh Shrimali

As India aims to become a global leader in rooftop solar power, a third party financing model could help unleash the industry’s significant potential—with the right policies and financial instruments.

Population - Urbanisation

Smart Cities-Framework for a digital India

By: Mohammad Suhail

The concept of a smart city has been formulated for optimum utilisation of resources, and particularly information and communication technologies (ICTs) for better safety and security. Such a city also ensures better spatial planning in an urban set-up.

Climate Change - Policy

Corporate Social Responsibility and Climate Change

By: Raimi L, Akosile O K and Adebanwa A

CSR can be an effective tool for mitigating climate change. It is the duty of corporations to redress climate change through environment-friendly manufacturing techniques, adoption of a green, transparent policy and environmental disclosure.

Climate Change - Forest

Mangroves-surviving against all odds

By: Swati Mohan Sappal and Alagappan Ramanathan

Mangroves are critically important wetlands in view of the variety of ecosystem functions they perform. Yet, they are witnessing widespread destruction, much to the peril of coastal communities. A better understanding of their role is of utmost importance for designing future management strategies.

How logical is interlinking of rivers?

By: Staff Reporter

The idea is being mooted to save vast tracts of land from annual floods, besides diverting waters to parched regions. However, experts question the assumption of surplus water in any basin. Instead of grandiose schemes, simple methods to conserve every drop may help solve the problem.

Climate Change - Water

Asia’s Poor Water Quality: A New Low

By: Staff Reporter

Pathogen and organic pollution due to the respective discharge of untreated wastewater and organic compounds are now a serious threat across rivers in Asia, Africa and Latin America, says UNEP.

In brief

Editor's Note

While India’s energy requirements and consumption have risen considerably over the past decade, the share of fossil fuels in its energy basket has dropped. In its place, renewables like solar and wind are beginning to drive India’s growth. Currently, the nation figures among the top five in the

Term Power

What is ...

Organic material used to generate energy. Biomass refers to plants or plant-based materials which are not used for food or feed, and are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass.

Geothermal energy is energy derived from the heat of the earth. Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. It can be found almost anywhere.

Insolation is the solar radiation that reaches the earth's surface. It is measured by the amount of solar energy received per square centimetre per minute. Insolation affects temperature. The more the insolation, the higher the temperature.

A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated as GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits radiation in the thermal infrared range. The process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. These gases are generally released due to the burning of fossil fuel.

A measure of one thousand watts of electrical power. One kilowatt is defined as energy consumption of 1000 joules for 1 second.

An electric current that oscillates back and forth at regular intervals. In other words, an electric current that periodically reverses its direction many times, and is typically used in power supplies.

Generation of electricity directly from sunlight using semiconducting material. Photovoltaic (PV) devices generate electricity directly from sunlight via an electronic process that occurs naturally in certain types of material, called semiconductors.

A measuring instrument used to measure the current in a circuit. An ammeter can measure a wide range of current values because at high values only a small portion of the current is directed through the meter mechanism.

A static machine used for transforming power from one circuit to another without changing frequency. Since there is no rotating or moving part so transformer is a static device. A transformer operates on AC supply and works on the principle of mutual induction.

An electromagnetic field (also EM field) is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects. All electrically charged particles are surrounded by electric fields. Charged particles in motion produce magnetic fields.