Ageing India cover

Vol no. 19 Issue No. 130-131

Expert Panel

Rasik Ravindra

Geologist and Secretary General, 36 IGC, New Delhi.

Sachidanand Sinha

Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

B Meenakumari

Former Chairperson, National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai.

Prithvish Nag

Former Vice Chancellor, MG Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi

Ajit Tyagi

Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Former DG, India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi

B Sengupta

Former Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.

Saraswati Raju

Former Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Dripto Mukhopadhaya

Chief Executive, ACRA, Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

Inside this issue

Ageing India

The Ageing of Populations in Asia

By: Lekha Subaiya and TS Syamala

With the Asian population ageing at a rapid rate and the youth no longer being able to substantively provide for the older segment, measures assuring the elderly of basic financial and healthcare provisions need to be put in place.

Is South Asia Prepared for Ageing Challenges?

By: Ravi Durga Prasad and Srinivas Goli

With ageing population no longer being a feature unique to developed nations, India confronts problems of the elderly from myriad yet-to-be addressed perspectives.

Pension Schemes across the World

By: Staff Reporter

Pension schemes followed in countries such as Japan, the United States, Norway, Denmark and Germany are essentially social insurance programmes, where contribution determines the pension emoluments post retirement.

Ageing and Intergenerational Transfer in India: A Household Perspective

By: K S James

Resource constraints and shifting priorities are impacting monetary transfers to the elderly. Hence, their economic security needs to be ensured through improved welfare schemes.

Living Arrangements among the Elderly

By: S Irudaya Rajan and S Sunitha

The conventional living arrangements of the elderly in India has undergone a substantial change with declining fertility rates, increasing life expectancy and changing lifestyles. The cause and consequences of these changes need to be assessed in order to formulate a way forward.

Ageing and Poverty in Urban India

By: Vandana Desai

Old age problems are often compounded by illiteracy, poverty, age bias, informal employment and gender, besides inefficient welfare schemes. Urgent steps need to be taken to address the concerns.

Employment Scenario among the Elderly in India

By: Swati Sachdev

Majority of the working elderly population comprise of people from scheduled tribes and castes as well as other backward classes. They are employed in India’s primary sector and suffer as a consequence of poor social security and illiteracy.

First Report

Working out of Choice

By: Shireen Saxena and Sulagna Chattopadhyay

With an aim to understand the factors that influence employment decisions among the urban elderly male population, the G’nY team interviewed four octogenarians hailing from varied backgrounds.


Welfare Schemes for Senior Citizens

By: Ratish Kumar Jha

To enable a smoother transition to old age, the central and state governments in India have enacted various pension schemes and programmes for the elderly across different social and economic backgrounds.

Elder Abuse in India: Emerging Evidences

By: T V Sekher

Owing to limited public awareness, the issue of elder abuse and disrespect—despite being pervasive, has not drawn as much attention as it ought to. Assessing the current situation to redress grievances thus becomes imperative.

National Policy for Older Persons in India

By: Mala Kapur Shankardass

Although India’s national policy for older persons has been in effect since 1999, it faces a number of challenges. The policy—while comprehensive—needs to further evolve to effectively safeguard the wellbeing of the country’s older segment.

India Outdoors

A Trek to Rupin Pass

By: S Srinivasan

The attempt to move out of the comfort zone and know your mettle does not always end with one’s youth. A trek to Rupin Pass allowed a septuagenarian like me to put this theory to test.

Innovation Report

Food Waste Management

By: Maitri Thakur, Kristina Widell, Guro Møen Tveit & Rasa Slizyte

While on the one hand, the burgeoning global population is faced with food scarcity, on the other hand, the question of food wastage is as exigent as ever. As India is one of the largest global food producers, SINTEF Ocean, a leading research institute based in Norway, has partnered with top Indian institutions in an effort to address the issue of food wastage.

In Conversation with

Mathew Cherian I Envisioning a Kinder World

By: Staff Reporter

Mathew Cherian, Chief Executive Officer, HelpAge India, speaking with Ratish Jha, discusses key challenges faced by India’s elderly population and the role of society in redressing them.

In brief

Editor's Note

Financial independence is imperative for a rewarding old age It is difficult to imagine that India would soon have a third of its population above 60 years of age. What this means for the economy is hard to project as there has been no significant exercise involving the ageing population which woul

Guest Editor's Note

The elderly should be treated as valuable members of the society Through changes precipitated by increased longevity and enhanced attention to health, the growth of India’s elderly population–individuals over the age of 60 years—is becoming noteworthy. This pattern is expected to continue fo

Term Power

What is ...

Dementia is a syndrome associated with memory difficulties and other cognitive problems often affecting people in old age. It typically interferes with vocabulary, thinking, judgment, memory and physical coordination. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia.

Palliative care is intended to reduce the physical and emotional pain accompanying any serious illness. However, this specialised medical care is not solely meant for those with a terminal diagnosis but is also extended to the patient’s family. Most palliative care is provided in hospitals or clinics.

Parkinson’s is a degenerative disorder that gradually erodes a person’s ability to control the movements of his/her body.

As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), the term ‘elderly’ is used to classify people within 60 to 75 years of age. 'Old' describes a person who is above 76 but less than 90 years and ‘Very old’ denotes one over 90 years.

Scientific study pertaining to the biological, psychological, economical, and sociological aspects of ageing is defined as gerontology. Gerontology includes geriatrics, the branch of medicine specialising in the healthcare services of older persons. As per WHO, geriatrics is concerned with preventative, clinical, remedial, rehabilitative measure as well as continuous health monitoring of older adults.

The term 'senior citizen' refers to an individual who is at least 60 years old. An individual who belongs to the 80+ age category would be known as a 'very senior citizen'.

The National Pension System is a voluntary contribution pension system that is administered and regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority. It is created by an act of the Parliament of India. Initially designed only for government employees, it was extended to all citizens of India between the age of 18 and 60in 2009.

The term 'life expectancy' refers to the number of years a person can be expected to live.

The scheme offers a sum of INR 350 per month to widows belonging to the 40 to 79 age bracket who live below the poverty line. The pension is offered until their death.

The Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana was formed by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. It is a central sector scheme funded through the Senior Citizen Welfare Fund. All unclaimed amount from small savings accounts, public provident fund (PPF) and employees provident fund (EPF) are transferred to this fund.