Migration and Development cover

Vol no. 19 Issue No. 138

Expert Panel

Rasik Ravindra

Geologist and Secretary General, 36 IGC, New Delhi.

Sachidanand Sinha

Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

B Meenakumari

Former Chairperson, National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai.

Prithvish Nag

Former Vice Chancellor, MG Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi

Ajit Tyagi

Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Former DG, India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi

K J Ramesh

Former Director General, India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi.

Saraswati Raju

Former Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

B Sengupta

Former Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.

Inside this issue

Migration and Development

Migrant Workers in Globalising India

By: Deepak K Mishra

Contrary to the widely held anticipation that post-reforms economics would give rise to significantly higher levels of migration within India, the initial post-reforms period did not witness a massive increase in the extent of migration. The 2001-2011 decade however, sees a substantial increase.

Climate Instability and Labour Migration in India

By: Manoj Jatav and Deepika Jajoria

Climate-induced migration has put new emerging challenges for labour administration. Pre-existing regional inequalities, prevailing poverty levels, scattered and partial nature of existing labour laws, etc. alert us about further worsening of the vulnerable conditions of climate migrants.

Rural Migrants in the City

By: Amrita Datta

Rural migrants in urban India contribute to economic growth and development. Yet, they remain marginalised and are particularly vulnerable in certain contexts. It is argued that migrants’ contribution to economic and national development be acknowledged and inclusive policies that support migrants’ right to the city, decent work and dignity be in place.

Migration and Upward Mobility in the Labour Market: The Case of Kerala

By: Pooja Batra

Millions of people migrate, within and outside their country, to widen their livelihood prospects. The movement is central to the upliftment of living standards for migrants and their families. Using the Kerala Migration Survey (KMS), 2018, this study attempts to examine the relationship between migration and upward mobility.

Trans-South Asian Diaspora Philanthropy: A Driver for GCM?

By: Binod Khadria

The author argues for the deployment of humanitarian philanthropy which a trans-South Asian can exhibit to support sustainable development in the countries of their origin particularly to achieve the Global Compact for Migration (GCM) objective through contributions in the fields of education and health.

Gender and Skilled Migration: Women in the Indian Tech Sector

By: Gunjan Sondhi and Parvati Raghuram

Who goes abroad and why? The impact of going abroad for international assignments is usually gendered. While women make up nearly 35 per cent of the labour force in the Indian tech sector, a proportionally smaller group takes up international assignments. In this article, we draw on our findings to highlight who this group is, how the nature of work and migration is gendered and how it impacts women’s long-term career prospects within the Indian tech sector.


Migration will have a Bearing on Citizenship

By: PC Mohanan

PC Mohanan, former Chairperson of the National Statistics Commission, discusses the relevance of recording migration through different data sources and offers solutions for creating better documentation practices.

In brief

Editor's Note

Migrant contributions to the economy Migration is the key to development. Migrant workers are more willing to take on low paid, low skilled jobs that entail long hours of engagement as opposed to resident populations. They use little of the destination areas resources, with limited access to basic

Guest Editor's Note

Policy on migration needed in India Migration involves differentiated patterns. On one hand, migrants may have better lives at destination—on the other, they may not be particularly better off when compared to the host population. Such variations are because of differential levels of educational

Term Power

What is ...

According to the International Organisation of Migration, emigration is defined from the perspective of the country of departure—the act of moving from one's usual residence to another country so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her usual residence.

A cycle of migration by the same person between two or more countries is known as circular migration. It is temporary in nature and mainly undertaken for study or work.

Deportation is an act to force someone to leave a country, especially someone who has no legal right to be there or who has broken the law.

Repatriation is a personal right of a refugee or prisoner of war to return to their country of nationality under specific conditions laid down in various international and human rights instruments as well as in customary international law.

Diaspora is a large group of people with a similar heritage or homeland who have moved out to places and countries all over the world.

A cross border and internal monetary transfer by the migrants remittances are primarily personal money transfer or business payments. The term ‘remittance’ is derived from the word ‘remit’, which means ‘to send back’. Remittance refers to an amount of money transferred or sent from one party to another, usually overseas.