Technovation Science Bolstering The Economy cover

Vol no. 18 Issue No. 106

Expert Panel

Prithvish Nag

Former Vice Chancellor, MG Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi

B Meenakumari

Former Chairperson, National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai.

Ajit Tyagi

Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Former DG, India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi

B Sengupta

Former Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.

Rasik Ravindra

Geologist and Secretary General, 36 IGC, New Delhi.

Sachidanand Sinha

Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Saraswati Raju

Former Professor, CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Dripto Mukhopadhaya

Chief Executive, ACRA, Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

Inside this issue


Funding for science Where do we stand?

By: Rasik Ravindra

Although budgetary allocations have increased through the years, the overall share of research and development in India’s GDP has been hovering around 0.7 per cent on an average over the last few years.

Concept Counter

Warming Trends and Global Sea Surface Temperature

By: Staff Reporter

While rising temperatures have been observed for most parts of the world’s oceans, a few areas such as the north Atlantic have instead experienced cooling.

Upper atmosphere cooling and Climate Change

By: Staff Reporter

A possible impact of climate change in the upper atmosphere could be the excessive trapping of infrared radiation by the Earth’s lower atmosphere, which can leave much less reflected or emitted heat for the upper atmosphere, making these layers colder.

Marine Pollution

Toxic Oceans and Waste Plastic

By: Staff Reporter

Causing the death of over 100,000 marine mammals and millions of fishes and birds annually, plastic waste dumped into the ocean has emerged as the biggest waste problem of planet Earth. While over 50 per cent of the ocean area is free of any national jurisdiction, increased ocean plastic is moving the world towards a global catastrophe.


Waste Plastic Liability to Sustainability

By: Staff Reporter

The environmental challenges thrown up by non-biodegradable polyethylene bags, bottles and other materials call for urgent recycling solutions. Widely used plastics can take more than 400 to 1000 years to completely decompose. To solve the issue of aggravating plastic waste, National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has developed an innovative technology to fashion plastic tiles out of refuse. The technology offers a sustainable solution to the long battle of plastic waste management.

Revisiting Jute Adding value to biowaste

By: Staff Reporter

India is the largest jute producer in the world, accounting for almost 55 per cent of the total world produce of jute. West Bengal is accountable for over 90 per cent of the jute production in the country. Jute however, is facing a decline in production in recent years due to low returns. A team of CSIR-NPL scientists have developed an innovative solution for value addition of waste biomass jute sticks as an alternative to burning so that farmers can augment their income and reap benefits from the sowing of jute.

Green Cooling Solid State Refrigerators for Rural India

By: Staff Reporter

A lifeline for rural India, a new solid state refrigerator developed by CSIR-NPL scientists promises to store food and drugs at low temperatures to provide hygiene and health while running on battery or solar-powered cells.

Glow Paint A tool for preparedness

By: Staff Reporter

Ending India’s dependence on imported technology, researchers of CSIR-NPL have developed the indigenous long afterglow phosphor (LAP) powders and paints that serve as a source of light in dark and provide life-saving markings during an emergency.

Fish farming and Cage culture

By: Staff Reporter

Producing almost 9,40,000 metric tonnes of fish every year, India is the second largest fish producer in the world. To cater to the rising demand of fish in the world, India can tap the billion-dollar aquaculture industry, which has existed locally since the 19th century, by combining innovative solutions and a huge manpower.

Space Technology

Powering India’s Eyes in the Sky

By: Staff Reporter

In the quest to connect the benefit of space-based observation to the advantage of the common man, Space Applications Centre, the innovation hub of Indian Space Research Organisation has conceived a gamut of noteworthy technologies, primarily related to potential fishing zones, disaster management, weather monitoring and more.

India Outdoors


By: N Prasad

Khajjiar hill station is situated in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh, at an elevation of about 6,500m and encompasses breathtaking locations and new adventures for travellers.

In brief

Editor's Note

The need to find value from what we have been uncaringly discarding, is now more pertinent that it ever was. In a country that is increasingly moving towards automation in every sector, protection of livelihoods and augmenting income for the end-user is a pre-requisite to a buoyant economy. We are a

Term Power

What is ...

Named after the ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer, Aryabhata was India’s first satellite launched into space by ISRO on April 19, 1975.

Antrix Corporation Limited is the commercial and marketing arm of ISRO. The office is based in Bengaluru and the organisation is a wholly owned government of India company.

The Mangala Valles, with Mangala the Hindu name for Mars, is a complex system of criss-crossing channels on Mars whose geological characteristics are very similar to channels carved out by flooding.

Doppler effect is the supposed increase or decrease in the frequency or wavelength of light, sound or other form of waves for an observer, while the actual frequency or wavelength remains the same, provided that at least the observer or the source is in motion.

The Oort Cloud is a giant shell of icy bodies at the very edge of the Solar System beyond the Kuiper belt made up of trillions of cold and icy objects.

Interstellar is the term used to denote anything conducted or existing between two or more stars. For example, interstellar travel is a term used to denote travel between planetary systems and stars.

Mangalyaan is ISRO’s successful Mars Orbiter Mission involving placing a space probe successfully in orbit around Mars since September 24, 2014.

Bhuvan is a software application which allows users to explore a 2D/3D representation of the surface of the Earth.

The zenith is the point on the celestial sphere directly above an observer 90 degrees above the celestial horizon.

The spectrometer is an instrument coupled to a telescope that records the spectra of a celestial object that can help in determining the properties of a distant celestial object.

The halo is the outer region of a galaxy, and can be composed of globular clusters, a few stray stars and supposedly also dark matter.

An event occurring when the Sun appears to reach its furthest north or south point relative to the celestial equator is known as Solstice. The celestial equator is a projection of the terrestrial equator out into space.

Collecting and interpreting information about the environment and the surface of the earth from a distance. The data is generated either by detecting the reflection of sunlight from an object or emitting a signal towards an object and detecting the reflection.

Geoprocessing is a GIS operation used to manipulate spatial data, which identifies the geographic location and boundaries on Earth. Geoprocessing operations include data conversion, topology processing and feature analysis.